Azad's father was a scholar who lived in Delhi with his maternal grandfather, as his father had died at a very young age. Failed to put a prohibition on the writings of Maulana Azad, the British Government then finally decided to deport him off Calcutta in 1916. It was as a leader of the Khilafat movement that he became close to Mahatma Gandhi. The author talked about some saints who stayed in a cave for many years. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Image Credit: http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/images/maulana-abul-kalam-azad-6.jpg. He was eleven years old when his mother passed away. WhatsApp. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born to father Bengali Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and mother Arab. He was put in Meerut jail for a year and a half. He married Zulaikha Begum when he was thirteen years old. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. Till in his teens, Muhiyuddin used the pseudonym Abul Kalam Azad acquired a high reputation for his writings on religion and literature in the standard Urdu journals of that time. Twitter. In 1890, he returned to Calcutta (now Kolkata) along with the family. Cumulatively, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a visionary politician, a major journalist, a remarkable prose stylist, and a notable commentator of the Holy Quran. Tazkirah is a fascinating look at Muslim history of India through a very personalized lens. Rajkumar Mali - April 1, 2017. Born: 11 November 1888, Saudi Arabia Died: 22 February 1958, Delhi Full name: Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad Education: Al-Azhar University (1905–1907) Awards:. Bharat Ratna Maulana Abul Kalam Azad — Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad, was an Indian Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement, who lived from 11 … Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. His mother was the daughter of a rich Arabian Sheikh and his father, Maulana Khairuddin, was a Bengali Muslim of Afghan origin. Ghubar-e-Khatir (Sallies of Mind) is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written primarily during 1942 to 1946 when he was imprisoned in Ahmednagar Fort. For his invaluable contribution to the nation, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was posthumously awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1992. In his childhood, Azad had a traditional Islamic education, along with training in subjects like mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by tutors at his home. Under Maulana Azad's tenure, a number of measures were undertaken to promote primary and secondary education, scientific education, establishment of universities and promotion of avenues of research and higher studies. Azad fiercely criticized the Muslim politicians who were more inclined towards the communal issues without focusing on the national interest. His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al-Husseini and his mother was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. Maulana Azad had his initial formal education in Arabic, Persian and Urdu with theological orientation and then philosophy, geometry, mathematics and algebra. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin but became known as Maulana Azad. Pinterest. It is part history, part biography, part religious tome, part soliloquy, part personal musings, and part Abul Kalam Azad relishing in the echo of his own voice and sheer vanity. His dream was that of a unified independent India where Hindu and Muslims co-habited peacefully. He was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum. He was a leading figure in India’s struggle for freedom and a noted writer, poet and journalist. Google+. 3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was … Birth info about Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Through his leadership, he guided the birth of institutions like the University Grants Commission, IISc, IITs, etc. In 1928, Maulana Azad endorsed the Nehru Report, formulated by Motilal Nehru. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. He also learnt English language, world history, and politics on his own. 3) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11thNovember 1888 at Mecca in Saudi Arabia. He was also a poet and an essayist who wrote on several topics of contemporary relevance. The weekly was a platform to attack the policies of the British Government and highlight the problems faced by the common Indians. He published many works criticising the British rule and advocating self-rule for India. 2627. He became the Congress president in 1940 and continued till 1945 and during that time, the Quit India rebellion also came up. Facebook. In 1956, he served as president of the UNESCO General Conference in Delhi. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a revolutionary from his early days. A dog also stayed with there for hundreds of years, and Allah Almighty slept them for a long. Maulana Azad had a natural inclination towards writing and this resulted in the start of the monthly magazine "Nairang-e-Alam" in 1899. Abdul Kalam Azad headed the Jamiat ul Ulema as President in 1924, and the Nationalist Muslim Conference five years later in the same capacity. Will India be able to bring back Black Money? His father's name was Maulana Syed Muhammad Khairuddin bin Ahmed Al-Husseini and his mother was Sheikh Alia Bint Mohammad. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Osmani Kingdom (now Saudi Arabia). Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of such talents. Despite being a Muslim, Azad often stood against the radicalizing policies of other prominent Muslims leaders like Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Two years later, at the age of thirteen, Azad was married to young Zuleikha Begum. Azad was the first education minister of independent India. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most significant freedom activists during India’s freedom struggle. In Turkey, Maulana Azad met the leaders of the Young Turks Movement. He did not go to any Madrasah or school, nor did he attend any modem western educational institution. Azad, inspired by the passion of Indian as well as foreign revolutionary leaders, started publishing a weekly called "Al-Hilal" in 1912. As an activist demanding the reinstatement of the Caliph in Istanbul, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad came onboard with the Khilafat movement during 1920. It is an excellent writing on history and Islam that describes the events of the past. India : A Great Patriot . Although this vision of Azad was shattered post partition of India, he remained a believer. He opposed the partition of Bengal in 1905. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Islam's main center of pilgrimage. Descendant of the eminent scholars of the Islamic religion, learning and writing came naturally to young Azad. He was the son of an Indian Muslim scholar living in Mecca and his Arabic wife. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad worked as a journalist and protested against the British Raj as a journalist. His forefathers came to India during the reign of Mughal Emperor Babar, from Heart, Afghanistan. Early life. It was reported that in the crucial Cabinet meetings both Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Maulana Azad clashed over the security measures in Delhi and the Punjab. He presided over the special session of Congress in September 1923 and was said to be the youngest man elected as the President of the Congress. At … Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin, also called Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Azad was born on November 11, 1888, in Mecca (now in Saudi Arabia). Abul Kalam Azad (1888-1958)--President of the Indian National Congress from 1939 to 1946, outspoken opponent of Jinnah and Partition, symbol of the Muslim will to coexist in a secular India, and scholar and intellectual--was one of modern India's most important leaders. ... Azad started writing poems and literary and political articles for Urdu Newspapers and journals at a very early … He held office from 1947 to 1958 in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was a statesman (রাজনীতিবিদ), poet and educationist (শিক্ষাবিদ). Book Name: Ashab e Kahf Writer: Abul Kalam Azad Description: Abul Kalam Azad is the author of the book Ashab e Kahf Pdf. During the violence that erupted following partition of India, Maulana Azad assured to take up the responsibility for the security of Muslims in India. When Maulana Azad reached Bihar, he was arrested and put under house arrest. He was also a noted writer, poet and journalist. But these developments disturbed the British Government and in 1914, the British Government put a ban on the weekly. RATNA Ghubar-e-Khatir (Sallies of Mind) is one of the most important works of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, written primarily during 1942 to 1946 when he was imprisoned in Ahmednagar Fort. Mecca, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (now Saudi Arabia). On February 22, 1958 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, one of the foremost leaders of the Indian freedom struggle passed away. Confined to the Ahmednagar fort after his arrest along with other leaders in 1942, Maulana Azad participated in the Simla Conference after his release. Parents: Muhammad Khairuddin (Father) and Alia Muhammad Khairuddin (Mother), Political Ideology: Liberalism; right-winged; Egalitarian. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad biography timelines // 11th Nov 1888 Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born as Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin on November 11, 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia to Maulana Muhammad Khairuddin and Zulaikha Begum. 1) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a freedom fighter and a social and political activist. Cumulatively, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a visionary politician, a major journalist, a remarkable prose stylist, and a notable commentator of the Holy Quran. Ten Lines on Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Set 1. He travelled all over the country giving speeches and leading various programs of the movement. In his youth, he adopted the pen name, ‘Azad’ and was popularly addressed simply as Maulana Azad. He was a prominent political leader of the Indian National Congress and was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad became the first education minister of independent India. His major works include Ghubaar-e-Khatir, Tazkira, and Tarjuman-ul-Quran. DEVELOPMENT OF THOUGHT: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, born in Mecca in 1888, was a rare combination of scholar, a statesman of the old-world refinement and culture and modem ardour of freedom and progress. Along with Gandhiji and Abdul Ghaffar Khan, And came forward as the great champion of Hindu-Muslim unity. While extending his support to Mahatma Gandhi and non-cooperation movement, Maulana Azad joined the Indian National Congress in January 1920. He wholeheartedly advocated the principles of the non-cooperation movement and in the process became drawn to Gandhi and his philosophy. He was also a noted writer, poet and journalist. It was consequently banned in 1914, following which he started a new journal, the Al-Balagh. ‘NEP 2020 reflects Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s thoughts’ By Sameer | Published: 12th November 2020 8:21 am IST Hyderabad: Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s thoughts are reflected in the National Education Policy 2020, Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) incharge Vice Chancellor, Prof S.M. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad or Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad was born on November 11, 1888. Maulana was a firm believer in the co-existence of religions. The book is basically a collection of 24 letters he wrote addressing his … He was one of the most important leaders behind the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931. After his return to India from an extensive visit of Egypt, Turkey, Syria and France, Azad met prominent Hindu revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo Ghosh and Shyam Sundar Chakraborty. Privacy Policy. He worked closely with Vallabhbahi Patel and Dr. Rajendra Prasad. ‘Ghubar-e-Khatir’ is one of his most noted works which he wrote between 1942 and 1946. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was a brilliand debater, as indicated by his name, Abul Kalam, which literally means "Lord of dialogue" He adopted the pen name Azad as a mark of his mental emancipation from a narrow view of religion and life. He wanted to bring Muslims into the Congress fold. Although initially skeptical of Gandhi’s proposal to launch an intensified drive against the British Raj demanding independence, he later joined the efforts. His birthday, November 11, is celebrated as National Education Day in India. Unfazed by the move, Maulana Azad, few months later, launched a new weekly, called "Al-Balagh". 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