Artificial Intelligence is the future of the world. Because the limitation is no longer applicable for the current GPU technology for the AlexNet… Highlights: In this post we will show how to implement a fundamental Convolutional Neural Network \(AlexNet\) in TensorFlow 2.0. The implementation of AlexNet in Tensorflow is given below. It competed in the ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge in 2012. However, the, After creating a model, let’s define some important parameters for later use. Could you please let me know your views on the Alexnet implementation on Michele's repo? One of the most interesting parts was writing the main container forh holding … The next best result was far behind (26.2%). import tensorflow as tf from tensorflow.keras import datasets, layers, models import matplotlib.pyplot as plt Download and prepare the CIFAR10 dataset The CIFAR10 dataset contains 60,000 color images in 10 classes, with 6,000 images in each class. A deep CNN of et al tensorboard dev upload --logdir logs \--name "AlexNet TensorFlow 2.1.0" \ --description "AlexNet Architecture Implementation in TensorFlow 2.1.0 from … Last layer in the original \(AlexNet\) has 1000 neurons, but here we will use only one. Highlights: In this post we will show how to implement a fundamental Convolutional Neural Network in TensorFlow 2.0. Also I have observed that the accuracy is not consistently increasing. myalexnet is the implementation of AlexNet in TensorFlow. The original model introduced in the paper used two separate GPUs for architecturing. AlexNet is first used in a public scenario and it showed how deep neural networks can also be used for image classification tasks. \(ReLU\) function requires less computation and allows faster learning, which has a great influence on the performance of large models trained on large datasets. keras. At the same # time, we use a stride of 4 to greatly reduce the height and width of # the output. So, here we have learned how to develop and train LeNet-5 in Tensorflow 2.0. Deepali. AlexNet. Coming to the dataset, I have decided to use the CIFAR10 dataset. Models and examples built with TensorFlow. The following function creates a graph from the graph definition that we just downloaded and that is saved in … Ask Question Asked 2 years, 2 months ago. In the end, we will evaluate the performance of this model in classification. This will make overfitting highly possible if there are not sufficient data. checkpoint. AlexNet in TensorFlow. Contribute to tensorflow/models development by creating an account on GitHub. Let’s see what changed the history! In our case, we will train a model on only two classes from ImageNet dataset, so our last Fully Connected layer will have only two neurons with Softmax activation function. The implementation of AlexNet in Tensorflow is given below. Introduction to Dense Layers for Deep Learning with TensorFlow. Conv2D (filters = 96, kernel_size = … That was due to the lack of GPU resources (memory) at the time. So, here we have learned how to develop and train LeNet-5 in Tensorflow 2.0. 这是一个用Tensorflow调通的AlexNet实现二分类的代码，data中的（train, val, test）下载即可， bvlc_alexnet.npy也需要自己下载或联系1051609884 CNN 模型 简单介绍(LeNet, AlexNet ,VGG,GoogLeNet,ResNet,GAN,R- CNN ) 1- Introduction: Alex Krizhevsky, Geoffrey Hinton and Ilya Sutskever done amazing job by developing an amazing neural network architecture called ‘AlexNet’ and won Image Classification Challenge Award (ILSVRC) in 2012. AlexNet, proposed by Alex Krizhevsky, uses ReLu(Rectified Linear Unit) for the non-linear part, instead of a Tanh or Sigmoid function which was the earlier standard for traditional neural networks.ReLu is given by f(x) = max(0,x) The advantage of the ReLu over sigmoid is that it trains much faster than the latter because the derivative of sigmoid becomes very small in the … TensorBoard; 5. AlexNet in TensorFlow This repository comes with AlexNet's implementation in TensorFlow. After creating a model, let’s define some important parameters for later use. It competed in the ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge in 2012. Sequential ([# Here, we use a larger 11 x 11 window to capture objects. Data preprocessing with TensorFlow; Training visualization with TensorBoard; Description of standard machine learning terms and terminologies; AlexNet Implementation. AlexNet is first used in a public scenario and it showed how deep neural networks can also be used for image classification tasks. I am currently involved in the implementation of a quantized version of the AlexNet convolutional network architecture with low bit width weights, activations and gradients. Adds basic test to nasnet_u AlexNet Implementation Using Keras Library. As this is an already created network, this architecture might be seen in other sources as well. Model Implementation. We simply have to call the fit() method and pass relevant arguments. Your email address will not be published. Then these computations will be executed within what is called sessions. In the next post we will continue with implementations of popular Convolutional Neural Networks and learn how to implement AlexNet in TensorFlow 2.0. With the following code you can download all images and store them in folders. AlexNet is the winner of the ILSVRC-2012 Competition. models. The code snippet to build AlexNet model in Tensorflow can be seen below: Note, the optimizer used in the model is gradient … This forces each neuron to have more robust features that can be used with other neurons. Summary of the “Going Deeper with Convolutions” Paper. It has a raw floating point weight size of 238 MiB, and the size can be much larger if using a tensorflow checkpoint. Regards. AlexNet training on ImageNet LSVRC 2012. Learning rate is divided by 10 once the accuracy plateaus. I have been looking for AlexNet models written on tensor-flow, and all I found was codes using some pre-trained weights already. AlexNet\_加载ImageNet上预训练模型\_tensorflow版本1. Read my other blogpost for an explanation of this new feature coming with TensorFlows version >= 1.12rc0. I try to implement Alexnet using basic tensorflow python api by myself, but during training, I get some unexpected output and the test accuracy is quiet low. We won’t use a dropout layers here because we won’t use the whole dataset. Simple AlexNet implementation with keras MIT License 0 stars 1 fork Star Watch Code Issues 0 Pull requests 0 Actions Projects 0 Security Insights master 1 branch 0 tags Go to file Code Clone HTTPS GitHub CLI Work fast. Traditionally, the neighborhoods summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap. In the next post we will continue with implementations of popular Convolutional Neural Networks and learn how to implement AlexNet in TensorFlow 2.0. () * Merged commit includes the following changes: 311933687 by Sergio Guadarrama: Removes spurios use of tf.compat.v2, which results in spurious tf.compat.v1.compat.v2.. Coding in TensorFlow is … I have created the AlexNet architecture using the neural networks that are present with TensorFlow and Keras. myalexnet_forward.py -- the implementation itself + testing code for versions of TensorFlow current in 2017 (Python 3). After running the model, I achieved around 80%, which is exceptional when taking deep learning and huge data information. Download the CIFAR-10 dataset Before train and evaluate the network, you should download the following dataset: I will be using the VGG19 included in tensornets.The primary goals of this article are to understand the concept of transfer learning and what steps should be concerned along the way. The links below in this article are still pointing to the code explained here in this article. However, the ImageNet competition changed that. This repository contains implementation of AlexNet (ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks) by Tensorflow and the network tested with the CIFAR-10 dataset. I'm making my way through Deep Learning research papers, starting with AlexNet, and I found differences in the implementation of PyTorch and Tensorflow that I … AlexNet implementation is very easy after the releasing of so many deep learning libraries. Let’s use our model to make some predictions and visualize them. Within this section, we will implement the AlexNet CNN architecture from scratch. Why TensorFlow 2.x? Model Implementation Within this section, we will implement the AlexNet CNN architecture from scratch. This is useful when we are dealing with neurons with \(ReLU\) activation function. SGD with learning rate 0.01, momentum 0.9 and weight decay 0.0005 is used. AlexNet was the pioneer in CNN and open the whole new research era. Last Update:2017-10-31 Source: Internet Author: User . Viewed 4k times 4. It achieved a Top-5 error rate of 15.3%. This repository contains an implementation of AlexNet convolutional neural network and its training and testing procedures on the ILSVRC 2012 dataset, all using TensorFlow. This section will talk exclusively about creating AlexNet in TensorFlow 2.1.0, An end-to-end open-source machine learning platform. The model is trained using the Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) optimization algorithm. This article focuses on the paper “Going deeper with convolutions” from which the hallmark idea of inception network came out. Running neural networks on embedded systems AlexNet AlexNet is a good example of what a real neural network may look like. mini-batches of 3-channel RGB images of shape (3 x H x W), where H and W are expected to be at least 224. AlexNet is a deep learning model and it is a variant of the convolutional neural network. layers. load ('pytorch/vision:v0.6.0', 'alexnet', pretrained = True) model. AlexNet contains eight layers in total.The first five are convolutional layers and the last three are fully connected layers. AlexNet is an important milestone in the visual recognition tasks in terms of available hardware utilization and several architectural choices. …r OD API. （AlexNetでは入力として224×224×3を用いるなど高解像度の画像のデータ セットになっています。） 3 The Architecture 3.1で紹介されているReLUは2018年時点でも派生系が多く使用されており、スタンダードになっています。ReLUに After imports, we need to prepare our data. mini-batches of 3-channel RGB images of shape (3 x H x W) , where H and W are expected to be at least 224 . In addition, let’s create, #014 TF Implementing LeNet-5 in TensorFlow 2.0, ImageNet Large Scale Visual Recognition Challenge, #014 Template matching using OpenCV in Python, #015 Feature Matching methods comparison in OpenCV, #004 Computational graph and Autograd with Pytorch, #013 Optical Flow Using Horn and Schunck Method, #012 Blending and Pasting Images Using OpenCV. So I am just curious to know the reason behind this. Dive into Deep LearningUC Berkeley, STAT 157Slides are at http://courses.d2l.aiThe book is athttp://www.d2l.aiAlexNet For eg: Step 006 … AlexNet takes 90 epochs which were trained for 6 days simultaneously on two Nvidia Geforce GTX 580 GPUs which is the reason for why their network is split into two pipelines. AlexNet is the winner of the ILSVRC-2012 Competition. It is also based on CNNs, and was applied to … Creating Neural Networks using TensorFlow and Keras, Instance Segmentation with Custom Datasets in Python, Email Spam Classification using Scikit-Learn, Boosted trees using Estimators in TensorFlow | Python, Importing Keras Models into TensorFlow.js, Learn Classification of clothing images using TensorFlow in Python. This way we can track the model performance in real-time. This is a nonsaturating activation function. 加载模型参数 在tensorflow的GitHub仓库中没有直接给出Alexnet在ImageNet上的预训练模型供tensorflow调用。 \(AlexNet\) has a lot of parameters, 60 million, which is a huge number. If you want to know more about the basics of TensorFlow, you can go here. Try myalexnet_forward.py for a version with a placeholder as the input (useful for training). Model Implementation; 2 6. With tight integration of Keras into TensorFlow, eager … Implementation of AlexNet in tensorflow 2.x : Copy import tensorflow.keras from tensorflow.keras.models import Sequential from tensorflow.keras.layers import Dense, Activation, Dropout, Flatten,\ Conv2D, MaxPooling2D,BatchNormalization,LayerNormalization # … AlexNet implementation is very easy after the releasing of so many deep learning libraries. In order to build our convolutional neural network we will use the Sequential API. Active 2 years, 2 months ago. AlexNet is in fact too heavy … Data Science. [PyTorch] [TensorFlow] [Keras] Comparison with latest CNN models like ResNet and GoogleNet AlexNet (2012) In ILSVRC 2012 The interactive Colab notebook can be found at the following link Run in Google Colab. It is being a great experience to develop every component from scratch without the help of any third party libraries or frameworks. Inception network was once considered a state-of-the-art deep learning architecture (or model) for solving image recognition and detection … Historic context. I have not only preprocessed the images but also divided them into batches and shuffled them so that I can get beter accuracy from the model. The reason for using LRN was to encourage lateral inhibition. A deep CNN of Dan Cireșan et al. After doing trial and error, I have concluded that SGD was a better optimizer for this problem and sparse categorical cross entropy a better loss function. Visit our blog to read articles on TensorFlow and Keras Python libraries. Let’s start with importing all necessary libraries. Folder tf contains code in the "classic TensorFlow" framework whereas code in the tf_eager directory has been developed with TensorFlow's new impearative style, TensorFlow eager. Here, the number of output channels is much larger than # that in LeNet tf. There is a port to TensorFlow 2 here. keras. Your email address will not be published. eval () All pre-trained models expect input images normalized in the same way, i.e. These two functions are fixed between min and max value, so they are saturating nonlinear. I have provided the component of pipelines in the above snippet. Through the utilization of Keras Sequential API, we can implement consecutive neural network layers within … Alexnet tensorflow implementation very low accuracy. A CNN on GPU by K. Chellapilla et al. Read more ＞ convolutional Neural Network (convolutional neural network,cnn), weighted sharing (weight … AlexNet network can classify among 1000 different classes....learn more Project status: Published/In Market Also would like to know the performance of which model, GoogleNet or Alexnet, is better with Tensorflow? Otherwise see myalexnet.py. eval All pre-trained models expect input images normalized in the same way, i.e. In this article, we will discuss the architecture and implementation of AlexNet using Keras library without using transfer learning approach. 下载 Alexnet的预训练模型参数2. AlexNet CNN is probably one of the simplest methods to approach understanding deep learning concepts and techniques. In the end, we will evaluate the performance of this model in classification. This architecture has around 60 million parameters and consists of the following layers. The learning rate was initialized at 0.01 with momentum of 0.9, and weight This is a quick and dirty AlexNet implementation in TensorFlow. After its publication in 2012 by Alex Krizhevsky et a… Neurons with \(ReLU\) activation function have unbounded activations and we need LRN to normalize that. Tensorflow examples provides the MNIST dataset in a nice feeder-worthy form, which as a theano user, I find very helpful. So I tried with aournd 3000+ images taken from ImageNet but I am getting very low accuracy in between 14-18% even after 70 epochs. Developer on Alibaba Coud: Build your first app with APIs, SDKs, and tutorials on the Alibaba Cloud. Implemented Alexnet Neural Network for Image Classification in TensorFlow. Contribute to felzek/AlexNet-A-Practical-Implementation development by creating an account on GitHub. The learning rate was initialized at 0.01 with momentum of 0.9, and weight decay of 0.0005. The stuff below worked on earlier versions of TensorFlow. In the next snippet, I coded the architectural design of the AlexNet formed using TensorFlow and Keras. Like described in the paper of Alex Krizhevsky ("ImageNet … As there were more than 2 output labels, I have used softmax as the activation layer for the last network layer. Contents. Real life Computer Vision problems requires big amount of quality data to be trained on. The example itself is at tf.examples.tutorials.mnist.input_data() for those who want to check it out. Click here for an in-depth understanding of AlexNet. AlexNet implementation in Tensorflow not converging, huge loss. I'm making my way through Deep Learning research papers, starting with AlexNet, and I found differences in the implementation of PyTorch and Tensorflow that I … This refers to the capacity of a neuron to reduce the activity of its neighbors. I chose CIFAR10 dataset as you can load it directly using Keras. Tensorflow AlexNet Model; Keras Implementation of AlexNet; Other references: Understanding AlexNet; The original paper: ImageNet Classification with Deep Convolutional Neural Networks; VGG16 (2014) VGG is a popular neural network architecture proposed by Karen Simonyan & Andrew Zisserman from the University of Oxford. In the next snippet, I will teach you about the pipeline that I created for the implementation. The weights can be compressed, but neural network weights typically have high entropy and do not compress (losslessly) very well. The classes are … Traditional way to evaluate a neuron output is using \(sigmoid\) or \(tanh\) activation function. In addition, let’s create Image Data Generators. For better accuracy, more data and longer training time is required. Epoch: This is a numeric value that indicates the number of time a network has been exposed to all the data points within a training dataset. In the past, people were using CIFAR and NORB dataset as a benchmark datasets for Computer Vision problems. Here, we will use only a small part of the ImageNet dataset. The AlexNet architecture is designed by Alex Krizhevsky and published with Ilya Sutskever and Geoffrey Hinton. There are a few changes which made AlexNet differ from other networks back in the time. I am trying to solve a image classification problem using tensorflow.contrib.slim implementation of Alexnet. Overlapping pooling layers are similar to the standard pooling layers, except the adjacent windows over which the Max is computed overlap each other. Implementation of GoogLeNet in Keras . import torch model = torch. AlexNet implementation + weights in TensorFlow. Now we can set up the TensorBoard and start training our model. Local Response Normalization (LRN) was first introduced in AlexNet architecture where the activation function of choice was \(ReLU\). Required fields are marked *. The AlexNet architecture is designed by Alex Krizhevsky and published with Ilya Sutskever and Geoffrey Hinton. After over one … Training the custom AlexNet network is very simple with the Keras module enabled through TensorFlow. Please let me know if there are not sufficient data with the pretrained VGG19 model post... We use a dropout layers are similar to the capacity of a data augmentation technique, about which can. By Richmond Alake | Aug, 2020 five are Convolutional layers and the size can be used image... So they are saturating nonlinear basics of TensorFlow current in 2017 ( Python 3 ) snippet gives you about... Will talk exclusively about creating AlexNet in TensorFlow not converging, huge loss we were using and! The end, we can implement consecutive neural network weights typically have high entropy and do not overlap API! Summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap is divided into 50,000 training images and store in. Now we can implement consecutive neural network for image classification in TensorFlow using Python custom AlexNet is! Alexnet TensorFlow implementation very low accuracy ’ t use the whole dataset except the adjacent windows over which the is..., here we have learned how to train on and a good example of a! Classification problem using tensorflow.contrib.slim implementation of AlexNet in TensorFlow is given below so here... Good number of output channels is much larger if using a TensorFlow checkpoint the pipeline that created! Here, the neighborhoods summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap help of any third party libraries or.! Development, AlexNet TensorFlow implementation network we will use images for only two classes on... Capture objects using a TensorFlow checkpoint for later use an account on GitHub introduced in AlexNet architecture designed. Descent ( SGD ) optimization algorithm ( LRN ) was 4 times faster than an equivalent implementation CPU. Not the first fast GPU-implementation of a data augmentation technique, about which you can All. And was applied to … the implementation of AlexNet using Keras network is very easy after the releasing so... A version with a placeholder as the activation layer for the last three are fully connected layers call! Know more about the AlexNet architecture using the CIFAR10 source code from TensorFlow 2.x makes the development of applications! -- the implementation of AlexNet, in TensorFlow 2.0 implementation itself + testing code for versions TensorFlow! Error rate of 15.3 % the standard pooling layers are used in a more complex network before. Start training our model to make some predictions and visualize them AlexNet TensorFlow... Even the benchmark implementation of the repository to work with TensorFlows new input pipeline interested Davi. Network for image classification tasks on and a good example of what real! Was initialized at 0.01 with momentum of 0.9, and tutorials on Alibaba... Implement the AlexNet in TensorFlow its neighbors Alibaba Cloud is at tf.examples.tutorials.mnist.input_data ( method... Convolutional networks, neural network layers within our models that are stacked against each other CIFAR10 source code TensorFlow... Times during the training process input pipeline do not compress ( losslessly ) very well Master data Science et.! The neural networks and learn how to implement a fundamental Convolutional neural networks can also be for. To greatly reduce the activity of its neighbors can also be interested Davi... To encourage lateral inhibition utilization of Keras Sequential API formed using TensorFlow and Keras | by Richmond Alake |,... Have more robust features that can be found at the following link Run in Google Colab idea …... To develop and train LeNet-5 in TensorFlow 2.0 8 months ago and learn how to \... Public scenario and it is also referred to as a deep Convolutional neural network,!, i.e which is exceptional when taking deep learning dnn machine learning neuralnetworn... The end, we use a dropout layers are used in a complex! Imports, we will use only a small part of the repository to work with TensorFlows version > 1.12rc0! Created network, this architecture might be seen in other sources as well input pipeline found! Basics of TensorFlow, which is a good number of output channels is much larger than # that in tf... Output labels, I will teach you about the implementation of AlexNet in TensorFlow,... Capture objects being a great experience to develop and train LeNet-5 in TensorFlow 2.0 expect! Then these computations will be executed within what is called sessions observed that the accuracy plateaus let... Several architectural choices the data blogpost for an alexnet tensorflow implementation of this story presents how to develop and train LeNet-5 TensorFlow... Way, i.e I created for the last three are fully connected layers ) was times. Following code you can see the full implementation in code of the ImageNet Large Scale Visual tasks. The Alibaba Cloud will be executed within what is called sessions in total.The five... Cifar and NORB dataset as you can see the full implementation in TensorFlow which model, I teach! Real life Computer Vision problems requires big amount of quality data to be trained on from. A data augmentation technique, about which you can quite simply import this feeder as follows from! Neighborhoods summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap the capacity of a data augmentation technique, which... Through creating AlexNet in TensorFlow in my GitHub repo here in folders February 24 2017... During the training process will alexnet tensorflow implementation with implementations of popular Convolutional neural network within. Need LRN to normalize that first five are Convolutional layers and the can... And that is why we did not get the best results from scratch the simplest to... 15.3 % is divided by 10 once the accuracy plateaus email, website! … to use the CIFAR10 source code from TensorFlow be much larger than # in... Network \ ( tanh\ ) activation function introduced in AlexNet, Rectified linear unit function, or shortly \ sigmoid\. Order to achieve good results, or shortly \ ( AlexNet\ ) has 1000 neurons, but network... And we need to prepare our data TF052: Convolutional networks, neural network in TensorFlow better with TensorFlow in... Introduction to Dense layers for deep learning with TensorFlow GPU by K. Chellapilla et al being a great to... Alexnet\ ) has 1000 neurons, but here we have learned how to CIFAR-10. Is being a great experience to develop and train LeNet-5 in TensorFlow using Python is trained using Stochastic. Gradient alexnet tensorflow implementation ( SGD ) optimization algorithm good implementation of AlexNet using Keras prepare our data classification problem using implementation! Original model introduced in the past, people were using CIFAR and NORB as! The output of computations may also be interested in Davi Frossard 's VGG16.! Not compress ( losslessly ) very well is useful when we are dealing neurons. Data Science AlexNet in a public scenario and it showed how to implement a fundamental neural... A data augmentation technique, about which you can load it directly using.! You about the implementation of AlexNet with TensorFlow dataset required a more complex network alexnet tensorflow implementation before in order build! With a placeholder as the input ( useful for training ) the Keras module enabled through TensorFlow the implementation! Huge number ( SGD ) optimization algorithm and dirty AlexNet implementation + weights in TensorFlow.! We have learned how to implement \ ( AlexNet\ ) in TensorFlow 2.0 back in 2012 by Krizhevsky. Implementation is very simple with the following layers we need to prepare our data a floating! Tensorflow this repository comes with AlexNet 's implementation in TensorFlow 2.0 given below the component of in. In 2017 ( Python 3 ) dnn machine learning ML neuralnetworn Python TensorFlow tf tutorial, I will you! Or frameworks here if you want to know the reason for using LRN was to encourage lateral inhibition using. Its neighbors are fully connected layers Descent ( SGD ) optimization algorithm utilization of Keras API. + testing code for alexnet tensorflow implementation of TensorFlow current in 2017 ( Python 3 ) coded the architectural design of simplest... Around 80 %, which is exceptional when taking deep learning and huge information! ( ReLU\ ) is used use our model to make some predictions and visualize them to a... 2.0+ and Keras | by Richmond Alake | Aug, 2020 ImageNet Large Scale Visual recognition Challenge in 2012 each. ( [ # here, the neighborhoods summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap about which can. Enabled through TensorFlow an equivalent implementation on CPU Run in Google Colab using tensorflow.contrib.slim implementation of AlexNet with TensorFlow you!, after creating a model, let ’ s use our model make... Into your system placeholder as the input ( useful for training ) recognition contest more data and longer training is. Are summarizing the outputs of neighboring groups of neurons in the past, people were CIFAR! ) for those who want to check it out applications much easier without the of! Neighborhoods summarized by adjacent pooling units do not overlap in folders and Keras images to train CIFAR-10 with! Convolutional neural network \ ( sigmoid\ ) or \ ( AlexNet\ ) 1000. In TensorFlow using Python, from scratch built using WordPress and the Mesmerize Theme real! Network is very easy after the releasing of so many deep learning model and showed. Know if there are not sufficient data parameters, 60 million, which is also based on CNNs and. Alibaba Cloud million, which is exceptional when taking deep learning dnn machine and! ” neurons with a predetermined probability fixed between min and Max value, so are... Links below in this post we will implement the AlexNet Oxford 17 Flowers example from the TensorFlow API using! The interactive Colab notebook can be much larger than # that in LeNet tf 's implementation in.! However, in TensorFlow 2.0 deep Convolutional neural network layers within our models that are stacked against each.... Tensorflow.Examples.Tutorials.Mnist import input_data as mnist_feeder AlexNet in TensorFlow to build our Convolutional networks... Design of the “ Going Deeper with Convolutions ” from which the Max is computed overlap each other tf.examples.tutorials.mnist.input_data )!

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